Drip irrigation

The purpose of an irrigation system is to apply the desired amount of water, at the correct application rate and uniformly to the whole field, at the right time, with the least amount of non-beneficial water consumption (losses), and as economically as possible. Irrigation systems in use are classified as follows: Flood or gravity irrigation…

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Financial statements

Financial statements are a written record of the financial performance and business activities of a given company. Financial statements are usually audited by accountants, government agencies, independent firms, etc. This is done to ensure transparency and accuracy when reporting the financial position, performance and changes in financial position of an enterprise for taxes, financing or…

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Farming

The Institute of Race Relations today launches a campaign to get straight answers from important entities in the agri-business sector on where they stand on expropriation without compensation (EWC). With the publication of the Final Report of the Presidential Advisory Panel on Land Reform and Agriculture in May 2019, the Agricultural Business Chamber (Agbiz) positioned…

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pesticedes

The most recent drought which has brought a large section of South African farmers to their knees, is still not broken in the western arid regions of the Northern Cape. A drought like this is a solid teacher and the lesson learnt is that water is life. Without water there is no life. That ends…

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Aquaponics

The integration of aquaculture and the hydroponic cultivation of plants has been examined repeatedly over the past five decades with a wide variety of system designs, plant and aquatic animal species, and experimental protocols. Closed, recirculating systems have generally been identified as the most appropriate aquaculture system types for integration with hydroponics because nutritional and…

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