Water and irrigation in South Africa

South Africa has a strong water industry and the availability in South Africa varies greatly in space and time. While the west is dry with rainfall only during the summer and as low as 100mm, the east and southeast receive rainfall throughout the year with an average of up to 1 000 mm.  The area…

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Water Heritage

Heritage Day is celebrated annually on 24 September in South Africa, particularly to celebrate and mark our nation’s diverse culture and heritage. Water is regarded as part of our heritage. We need to celebrate and highlight the importance of water for the planet, and hence, for our lives. Celebrating water as heritage A book “Water…

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Solar-powered irrigation systems

Solar-powered irrigation systems (SPIS) are increasingly in demand as they can provide a cost-effective and “clean” solution to increase agricultural productivity. Access to water for irrigation is key to farmers, particularly to sustain their livelihoods and food security. However, operating irrigation systems efficiently often calls for the adoption of local irrigation techniques and this in…

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Food security is generally defined as the situation when all people have physical or economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food at all times to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. Exposure to natural hazards and disasters is a major cause of food insecurity, a problem exacerbated…

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Valuing Water

Every year, 22 March has been set aside to mark World Water Day. The 2021 edition titled “Valuing Water” was celebrated in a virtual event globally including South Africa. Since its establishment in 2017, the Global Framework on Water Scarcity in Agriculture (WASAG) hosted by FAO’s Land and Water Division, through its network of Partners,…

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Tunnel irrigation

Tunnel irrigation must be designed, managed, and maintained to provide the right amount of water at the right time for the crop to grow optimally. In most cases micro-irrigation (drippers or micro-sprayers) is used, and modern micro-irrigation has developed from a simple water source management system to a complex, knowledge-intensive management system that manipulates the…

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Global Sustainable Technology and Innovation

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in India, in partnership with VITO, a not-for profit research and technology organization in Belgium, along with other partners jointly organised the 4th Global Sustainable Technology and Innovation Community conference (G-STIC 2020). G-STIC is a growing action- and impact-oriented expert community. It aims at accelerating the transition to a…

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Micro-irrigation

Micro irrigation is considered as one of the most efficient irrigation systems, but it should be management and maintained properly to keep it to perform at its best to enhance crop growth and water productivity. The concept of micro irrigation originated during the initial “discovery” and development of drippers and drip irrigation in Israel. However,…

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Global Framework on Water Scarcity in Agriculture

The global framework for action to cope with water scarcity in agriculture in the context of climate change – in short, the Global Framework on Water Scarcity in Agriculture (WASAG) – is a Partnership established in April 2017 and hosted by the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), Land and Water Division in Rome, Italy, consisting…

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By using water wisely, we are always ready to celebrate irrigation technologies. From the ancient irrigation system Dujiangyan in China that was originally constructed around 256 BC as an irrigation and flood control project and that is still in use today to the modern day irrigation technologies of drip and centre pivots, the landscape in…

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