Agro-processing

The article intends to highlight the many opportunities within the agro-processing industry for agricultural engineers to assist small and medium scale agro-processing entrepreneurs with entering the agro-processing industry. The availability of information and training remain key factors, as well as identifying actual useful equipment requirements by both these sectors seeking to become a part of…

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Bee pollination

There are numerous factors that influence the recommended pollination tariff which are bound to differ in terms of importance as well as relevance depending on the nature of the individual beekeeping businesses. However, the cost of pollination does not just include the costs of picking up beehives, loading them on a bakkie, driving to the…

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Rift Valley Fever

Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an acute, fever-causing viral disease most observed in domesticated animals (such as cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats, and camels), with the ability to infect and cause illness in humans. In animals, mosquitos are the transmitters. Mosquitoes will feed on viraemic (virus circulating in the bloodstream) animals and then transmit the virus…

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Dairy breeds in South Africa originated in the British Isles and Western Europe. These countries have a cool to cold climate. In comparison, in South Africa, it is much warmer and drier with more sunshine hours because of less cloud cover. Dairy cows are well adapted to a cold climate, making them sensitive to hot…

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Genetic progress in dairy herds is affected by sire selection. However, despite careful selection procedures, female progeny of selected sires produce at higher, similar or lower production levels than their mothers. This is because of the random combination of genes and the varying effect of environmental factors on the production performance of dairy cows. Dairy…

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Climate outlook for 2020

The variable and changing climate Climate conditions were in general unfavourable for agricultural production in the recent past seasons. Severe drought over most of South Africa and especially the central, western, south western and south eastern parts of the country already persists since about 2012. In areas where higher rainfall amounts occurred was the distribution…

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Recently, on social media, the size of dairy cows was discussed among dairy farmers. Most held the opinion that there are advantages to cows being smaller. It was suggested that smaller cows, on a daily basis, consumed less feed and had lower maintenance requirements than larger cows. However, while these opinions are technically correct, little…

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Honey bees threatened

Daardie bottel op die rak met die goue, stroperige vloeistof is uiters gesog by alle mense alhoewel dit ‘n plaas se prys is. Sedert oertye is heuning nie alleen die natuur se wondergawe as soetgoed vir die mens nie maar ook die bron van baie geneeskundige waarhede omdat dit heeltemal natuurlik is en mikro-hoeveelhede natuurlike…

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Fish and seafood value chain

Seafood products are among the most important internationally traded food commodities. The world seafood industry plays a significant role in the economic and social well-being of many nations, as well as in the feeding of a significant part of the world’s population. Fishing and fish farming have emerged as one of the major food processing…

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Om koeie te koop

Om die regte koeie te koop is moeiliker as wat baie mense dink. Die aankoopplek, finansiële vermoë van die koper en redes waarom koeie verkoop word dra alles by tot die gehalte van diere wat gekoop word. Daar is ook verskeie risiko’s met die aankoop van koeie. Dit geld vir beide die koper as vir…

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