Poultry Farming for Beginners: Part 1

With many new small-scale poultry farmers looming on the horizon, as well as many existing small-scale farmers already in production, the need occurred to provide these farmers with more information about the housing facilities and equipment needed for small-scale poultry production. Issues like general planning of the production system, brooder chick production and building materials…

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Wildlife management in the Karoo

The Karoo consists of a bewildering variety of physiographic landscape types, each of which contains a great diversity of habitats. This habitat variability is the foundation for a rich Karoo fauna diversity, for even within the seemingly vast and featureless plains there are escarpments, watered valleys with thickets, koppies and gorges. Seasonal rivers and streams…

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Better breeding improves financial results

All dairy farmers are breeders although breeding aims may differ among herds. Some farmers breed show cows while others produce sires for the artificial insemination (AI) industry. However, total milk output should always be the main breeding and management emphasis of dairy farmers. Most dairy herds show an increase in total milk yield over time.…

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A New Aquaponics Training Program for Stellenbosch University

Aquaponics is the combination of aquaculture and hydroponic technology to grow both fish and plants together in a closed-loop system. While aquaponics can play a role in increasing food security, it may also be a potential educational tool because of its interdisciplinary nature and required technological skill set. With aquaponics, students could conduct hands-on activities…

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Livestock farming in urban areas

Livestock farming within urban areas is a highly contentious topic. However, rapid urbanization has increased peri-urban and urban farming in South Africa. This is because many people have moved from rural to urban areas. Not finding official employment results in such people trying some form of farming. Usually this ends up in conflict with municipal…

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Informal farming

South Africa’s informal farming sector is contributing far more to the economy and food security than is officially being recognised. More should be done to develop this sector, and to intensify farming endeavours. On the commercial side, policy issues and infrastructure problems, such as electricity supply, rising input costs and backlogs at export ports, are…

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For decades, indigenous people have observed biophysical animate and inanimate beings for weather forecast and climate predictions about current and future weather variables that cannot be sensed by humans. However, the dispossession of land and natural resources from South African natives under the previous regime resulted in generational degradation or complete loss of the use…

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To evaluate the genetic merit of dairy bulls

Dairy herds consist of lactating and dry (non-lactating) cows, replacement heifers of all ages and often a few dairy bulls. In large commercial dairy herds cows and heifers are mostly artificially inseminated (AI) with semen supplied by semen (or AI) companies. However, because it is sometimes difficult to get some cows (and heifers) pregnant through…

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Nile Tilapia the preferred freshwater Aquaculture species for Africa

(Oreochromis niloticus) The culturing of fish is a very old practice in Africa, although commercial production of fish is still developing throughout the continent. Some fish species and strains are particularly suitable for commercial production. The Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) is one of these very important fish species, introduced from Africa and the Middle East…

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